Miscellany 07/10/2018
Our quarterly Research Round-up features highlights from recent studies and reports in the realm of food, health, and community belonging.

Cooking skills in young adulthood linked to better eating habits long-term

A study by Utter et al. found that young adults who had confidence in their cooking abilities were more likely to have healthy habits later in life. Those who perceived their cooking skills to be at least adequate as young adults were more likely to prepare meals regularly, eat more vegetables and fewer junk foods, and have more family meals a decade later. Researchers suggest that building cooking skills may be especially important for adolescents and young adults as they become more autonomous and independent.

Increased likelihood of Type 2 diabetes among food insecure Canadians

Type 2 diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions in Canada. Using data from adult participants in the 2004 Ontario Canadian Community Health survey, a U of T study by Tait et al. finds food insecurity more than doubles the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. This study found that the financial instability is the primary cause for individual and household food insecurity which contributes to periods of underconsumption and periods of binging increasing individual's susceptibility to developing Type 2 diabetes. Researchers recommend that future policies be directed towards promoting economic stability as a viable means to reduce food insecurity and minimize individual’s risk to developing Type 2 diabetes.   

Higher risk of death among patients with heart failure and perceived social isolation

A study from the United States has found that patients with heart failure and high perceived social isolation have an increased risk of death, hospitalizations, ED visits, and outpatient visits compared to those with lower or moderate perceived social isolation. This is important to address in patient care and clinical practice and should be screened for among patients with heart failure to decrease risks of death and poorer health outcomes.

Special Issue on indigenous food

A special issue of Canadian Food Studies, recently released on indigenous food, brings together topics on indigenous food from researchers, activists, and artists. This issue brings together important and relevant aspects of food culture, politics, knowledge, history, world views, and practices. From northern indigenous food sovereignty to homelessness and food systems in British Columbia this special issue covers a wealth of topics and perspectives.